Ii evaluating sovereign disaster risk finance strategies: case studies and guidance acknowledgements this report was written by a joint team comprising daniel clarke and naomi cooney of the disaster risk financing and insurance program of the world bank group and. This paper proposes a framework for ex ante evaluation of sovereign disaster risk finance instruments available to governments for funding disaster losses the framework can be used by governments to help choose between different financial instruments, or between different combinations of. Low-income countries and donors are becoming increasingly interested in disaster risk finance and insurance at a sovereign level as a way to increase financial resilience to disaster events. Sovereign catastrophe risk pools (vol 2) : world bank technical contribution to the g20 (english) abstract more than 1 billion people have lifted themselves out of poverty in the past 15 years, but climate and disaster risks threaten these achievements. Sovereign natural disaster insurance for developing countries: a paradigm shift in catastrophe risk financing francis ghesquiere and olivier mahul1 1 francis ghesquiere is hazard risk management.
Disaster risk financing for the countries in the pacific alliance cat bond, finding creative ways to finance natural disaster risk is an important consideration chile, for example, is far too familiar with disaster. Sovereign disaster risk financing aims to increase the capacity of national and subnational governments to provide immediate emergency funding as well as long-term funding for reconstruction and development. Sovereign natural disaster insurance for developing countries : a paradigm shift in catastrophe risk financing this is the first time a sovereign country has issued a catastrophe bond.
This study aims to improve the understanding of the opportunities and challenges offered by sovereign risk pools in asia and the pacific as a form of disaster risk financing the first chapter provides an introduction to global activities in the area of disaster risk financing in particular, it. The sovereign disaster risk financing and insurance program for middle-income countries is a partnership between the world bank and seco that aims to reduce the financial vulnerability of these states to natural disasters. World bank group promoting innovative sovereign catastrophic risk financing solutions olivier mahul program manager, insurance for the poor, world bank. Timely article except posturing for insurance defeats the purpose of risk management since insurance historically has provided coverage for only about a 30% natural catastrophe losses, better to focus on risk finance (of which insurance is a small subset) in order to maximize recovery.
Sovereign disaster risk financing: how should governments protect against disasters richard poulter and barry maher, the world bank catastrophe risk insurance sovereign disaster risk financing and insurance participants to devise a sovereign disaster risk financing strategy for two example countries facing earthquake and. The analysis identifies several cases where the government's risk-neutral assumption does not hold, thus making rational the use of ex ante risk financing instruments, including sovereign insurance the paper discusses the optimal level of sovereign insurance. Extreme catastrophe or disaster events can often derail the growth of an economy as well as create ripple effects which can impact the global economy, supply chains and heighten sovereign risk.
Sovereign risk is the economic (or financial) impact a government would face in the event of a disaster if the potential occurrence of a disaster is not taken into account in the government's budget and a disaster occurs, this could entail a deficit for the country, and impact negatively on the country’s creditworthiness. Sovereign disaster risk financing and insurance (drfi) instruments can protect the national budget and provide governments with the resources needed for immediate response as well as long term recovery and reconstruction. Evaluating sovereign disaster risk finance strategies: a framework daniel clarke1, olivier mahul1, richard poulter1, and tse-ling teh2 abstract this paper proposes a framework for ex-ante evaluation of sovereign disaster risk finance instruments available to governments for funding disaster losses.
Catastrophe risk financing in the past decade, the frequency and severity of natural catastrophes and extreme events has radically increased, causing major economic losses and human suffering. Sovereign disaster risk financing and insurance (sdrfi) may be the panacea for managing disaster risk at a national level however, there is a need for better evidence to enhance, guide and support these programmes. Through sovereign catastrophe risk pools, countries can pool risks in a diversified portfolio, retain some of the risk through joint reserves and capital, and transfer excess risk to the reinsurance and capital markets. Catastrophe risk layering can be used to design a risk financing strategy (see figure 2) budget contingencies together with reserves are the least expensive ex-ante risk financing source and generally cover recurrent losses (low risk layer.